2021 was a terrible year for cybersecurity. Without action, 2022 could be even worse

When it comes to cyberattacks, it’s not so much matter a question of if an organization will be targeted, but when.

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Early in December 2021, the Catalan government suffered its worst distributed denial of service (DDoS) cyberattack ever. In the space of a few hours, attackers routed 350Gbps of data to the Generalitat’s information systems, representing 100 times more traffic than it would typically receive within the same timeframe. The incident was contained within three hours.

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A couple of months prior to the DDoS attack on the Generalitat, the Autonomous University of Barcelona (UAB) was forced to revert to pen, paper and chalkboards when it was hit by a ransomware attack. The connection to the network was reset at the end of December, with most email accounts having been recovered – and a double authentication system applied – which allowed virtual classes to resume. While most systems have since been restored, others aren’t expected to be fully functional until the end of January.

SEE: A winning strategy for cybersecurity (ZDNet special report)

These incidents are, unfortunately, not outliers. According to the Spanish National Institute of Cybersecurity (INCIBE), Spain has seen more than 150,000

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