IoT Security Fundamentals: Hardware, Software and Radio Security

What is IoT – IoT stands for Internet of Things. The Internet of Things (IoT) is the interconnection and network of various devices formed by connecting any physical device (Vehicle, Tube Light, Thermostat etc) to the internet for sharing and exchanging the data.

How does any physical device become capable of getting connected to the Internet?

To make this happen, we simply use prototyping board such as Arduino, Raspberry Pi, Beaglebone etc or embed a chip into the device which makes the device capable of connecting to the internet for sharing and exchanging data.

Hope the definition and the concept behind IoT is clear.

Other names for IoT – IoT has other names as well. Few of them are –

  M2M (Machine to Machine)   Internet of Everything   World Size Web   Skynet

Components of IoT – IoT is not just a network of physical device connected via Ethernet cable or wirelessly to the internet. It involves following components –

Physical Object – The device which will be connected to the internet. Example – If you want to connect a fan to the internet, a fan is a physical object.

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