What Is Spoofing?
Spoofing is a type of cyberattack that involves assuming a false identity and manipulating a victim into disclosing sensitive information or granting access to their device. Cybercriminals win a victim’s trust by claiming to be a trustworthy individual or company in order to steal their data or obtain access to their equipment.
They accomplish this by changing their caller ID or email address. As part of various types of spoofing, threat actors make replicas of legitimate websites, conceal their IP addresses, and even broadcast false GPS signals.
How Does Spoofing Work?
Spoofing attacks occur when an attacker successfully impersonates a system’s authorized user. They are distinct from counterfeiting and sniffing attacks, despite the fact that they are all falsification attacks. When an attacker forges RFID (Radio-Frequency Identification) tags that can be scanned by authorized readers, this is known as counterfeiting. Sniffing occurs when an attacker creates fake authorized readers that can read the approved tags and extract relevant data. The forging object of spoofing, on the other hand, is an authorized user of a system.
As Michael Gregg points out in “Hack the Stack”, there are two types of spoofing attacks. The first is local spoofing, which
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